Thursday, 19 July 2018

Ibbetson at Kenwood

During the 1790s, Julius Caesar Ibbetson was ‘employed by the late Lord Mansfield, to make designs for the embellishment of a magnificent apartment at Caen Wood.’, which you can see here. The designs’ appearance were neatly summarised by Norris J. Brewer in 1816: 

 … various operations of agriculture, fancifully represented… interspersed are views in North Wales, delicately executed.

 View of Caernarvon Castle
View of Caernarvon Castle
J. Ibbetson,  1794–1797
 Oil on Paper

With the vocabulary of the picturesque as a guide, viewing had become a form of leisure, and visitors to the room would have been treated to their own mini version of Ibbetson’s 1792 tour of Wales, without having to stray too far from London.

The Bardic Museum, of primitive British Literature. By Edward Jones. 
London: Printed by A. Strahan, Printer-Street, for the Author; 1802. (Price 1/. 5s.) Entered at Stationer's Hall.
With hand coloured etched frontispiece by Rowlandson after Ibbetson and J. Smith.
[Ref: 10521]   £500.00   

Perhaps after dinner, Kenwood's Lady Mansfield would have retired to the music room (while the men moved through to the library). Much of the music room’s decoration therefore emphasised virtuous feminine activity, such as music-playing or involvement in the estate’s pleasure dairy. 

[Gentlemen and Milk Maids.]
J. Ibbetson fec.t May 1816.
Etching. Plate: 215 x 150mm (8½ x 6"). Small margins.
A scene in which a gentleman dismounts in order to talk to two milkmaids, his companion remains mounted. From 'Etchings of Figures in Eight Plates'.
[Ref: 44260]   £85.00   (£102.00 incl.VAT)

Some interesting context for Wales’s place in this moral equation is provided by two volumes of vers de société poetry, collected by Lady Sophia Burrell in 1793 and dedicated to Lord Mansfield. One example, An Epistle from Miss Biddy Ap-Owen, takes the form of a letter from an innocent protagonist: 
Enraptur’d I gaze on a new scene of action,   
Tho’ fashion is folly, and pleasure distraction.
Such sights I have seen! And such stories have heard!
Well! London’s an excellent place, on my word!
Oh! think what a great alteration I prove!
Our mountains are left for the city of love.
Our leeks, and our butter-milk, now I despise,
For I live upon turtle, and perigord pies

Peasants of the Vale of Llangollen.
H.W. Bunbury Esq.r del.t. J. Baldrey Sculp.t.
London, Pub'd Nov.r. 2; 1783, by W. Dickinson, Engraver & Printseller No. 158 New Bond Street.
Pair of stipple engravings, both sheets 285 x 280mm (11¼ x 11"). Both trimmed to platemark. 
[Ref: 37969]   £320.00 

 The Bosom Friends.
Published by S.W. Fores May 28th 1786 at his Caracature Ware-House Piccadilly.
Coloured etching, scarce. Sheet 220 x 250mm (8½ x 6"). Trimmed and mounted in album paper, hole repaired.
Three women, each with large, gauze-covered bosoms, inflated 'derrieres' and huge hair. Two carry large muffs.
BM Satire 7112. Ex Collection of the Hon Christopher Lennox-Boyd.
[Ref: 31743]   £320.00  

As the reader continues, however, fashionable society grows more and more farcical. The poem describes a ‘pert Frenchman’ and his attempts to ‘metamorphose’ her aunt into ‘a young creature’. 

Anglois jaloux, ne craignés rien; / Vous vous apercevés sans doute bien./ Qu'avec leurs ceffures. Ces deux amours ne finement jamais leurs tourmens
[French, c.1775.]
Etching, rare with very large margins. 290 x 190mm (11½ x 7½"). Paper lightly toned, folds in margins.
[Ref: 31748]   £320.00   

It becomes clear that the real distinction is between the fashion of a frenchified London and the backwardness, yet ultimate moral superiority, of Wales: 
But as soon as we got in the midst of the throng,
They trod on my gown, and then push’d me along.
Thought I, these fine Londoners make very free -
I suppose they behave in this manner to me
Because they believe country girls will submit
To be batter’d, and bruis’d, as the people think fit.
I own that I always in Wales understood,
A woman of fashion shou’d never be rude;
But surely by what I experience to-night,
These high-bred fine ladies are far less polite
Than those, who reside on the mountains of Wales,
Where innocent freedom, and friendship, prevails.

 Five in the Morning. Iam Allm_o_st do_n_e up_Dam_me.
[after Robert Dighton.]
London, Published 18 June 1795, by Haines & Son, No 19 Rolls Buildings, Fetter Lane.
Mezzotint. 350 x 250mm (13¾ x 9¾"). Heavily restored, with mss. fill.
A scene in the arcade of Covent Garden: a drunken dandy in shocking condition is poured into a sedan chair by two members of the Watch. At their feet is an advert for 'The Road to Ruin' at the Theatre Royal. From a set of Times of Day.
Not in BM Satires; ex collection of the Hon. Christopher Lennox-Boyd.
[Ref: 37584]   £120.00   (£144.00 incl.VAT)

Ibbetson left for Liverpool in 1798, with the scheme unfinished. It remained in situ until the 1920s, when it was taken down and partially destroyed to make way for the Iveagh Bequest. Nevertheless, some of the panels are still on view in Kenwood’s music room.

For more 19th Century Prints and Photographs please visit our website!


Wednesday, 7 September 2016

Queen Victoria's Life in Prints

[HerMajesty the Queen.]
[Engraved by W.H. Simmons, 1877.] EL 1839. [EL: artist's monogram.]
[Ref: 23011]   £280.00

Last Sunday ITV aired the first episode of their new drama 'Victoria', evidence that the fascination with the life of Queen Victoria continues.

Rather like our own modern media’s fascination with the young generations of the British Royal Family, the general public couldn’t get enough insights into the life of their young monarch. Victorian England was so intrigued by her daily life that a huge range of prints were made capturing unseen moments as well as the public.

To theQueen's Most Excellent Majesty, This Portrait of Her Royal Consort, PrinceAlbert of Saxe Coburg & Gotha, Duke of Saxony, &c.&c.
Painted by F. Hanfstaengl, of Gotha. M & N Hanhart, Lith. Printers. Drawn on Stone by J.H. 
[Ref: 24064]   £190.00  

At the end of this week’s episode Victoria met her future husband Prince Albert of Saxe Coburg & Gotha, the married life of this Royal couple fascinated Victorian England. 

Prints were made of the major events in their lives such as their wedding.

Formal events such as military reviews.

[Victoria& Albert at a Military Review at Blackheath]
Opitz del. Hilscher Sc.
[Dresden, 1841.]
[Ref: 30068]   £2,500.00  

Of course the attempted assassination of Victoria by Edward Oxford while Albert and Victoria were riding in a carriage on Constitution Hill in 1840 gripped the nation.


  Top of Form
But also the more every day events such as a trip to the opera received attention.

The Queen& Prince Albert going in State to the Opera.
Painted by J. Pollard.
[Ref: 20757]   £160.00 

The Royal Children frequently appeared in prints in Victorian England and received as much attention as the Royal Children do now.

Scenes such as the Royal family playing at home with their pets or toys were very popular.

A Peep AtWindsor Terrace. The Royal Children with their favourite dog.
Dean & Co. Threadneedle St. [n.d., c.1845.]
[Ref: 11708]   £220.00


[H.R.H.Princess Alice with Eos.]
[Engraved by Thomas Landseer, A.R.A., 1875.] [EL: artist's monogram.]
[Ref: 23027]   £360.00   

Dean & Co. Threadneedle Street. [n.d., c.1845.]
[Ref: 11710]   £220.00

Queen Victoria was often depicted as the ideal mother, shown doting on her children. 

Engraved by J. Porter, from a Sketch by Lady R.
[n.d., c.1840s]
[Ref: 32442]   £110.00

The RoyalMother. Royal Album No. 26.
T.C. Wilson dell. Alf.d Carlile, Litho. London.
[n.d. c.1845.]
[Ref: 21523]   £60.00

It was not only the Royal Children who were popular the Royal Pets also received attention. The well-known Victorian artist Edwin Landseer even painted a series of her favourite pets, from the more typical domestic pets such as the King Charles Cavalier Spaniel Dash (who has so far made several appearances in the program) to her more exotic animals.

[Engraved by Charles Mottram, 1875.] [EL: artist's monogram.]
[Ref: 23012]   £650.00

[Engraved by Charles Mottram, 1874.] [EL: artist's monogram.]
[Ref: 23023]   £520.00  

[Engraved by Charles Mottram, 1875.] [EL: artist's monogram.]
[Ref: 23038]   £320.00   

[Engraved by J.B. Hunt, 1877.] EL. [monogram of Edwin Landseer.]
[Ref: 23026]   £380.00 

For more prints of Victoria, her Family and important Victorian figures please visit our website!

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